What Are Universal Precautions And Why Are They Important?

What is the purpose of universal precautions quizlet?

What are Universal Precautions.

Refers to the practice, in medicine, of avoiding contact with patients’ bodily fluids by following a series of safety precautions..

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What diseases are airborne precautions?

Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.

What is the importance of universal precautions?

Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).

What is universal safety precautions?

Universal Precautions. Use barrier protection at all times. Use gloves for protection when working with or around blood and body fluids. Change glove between patients. Use glasses, goggles, masks, shields, and waterproof gowns/aprons to protect face from splashes.

What are standard precautions and why are they important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What are the 3 universal precautions?

Universal precautions apply to the following body fluids:Blood.Semen and vaginal secretions.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)Synovial fluid.Pleural fluid.Pericardial fluid.Amniotic fluid.

What is the difference between universal and standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What is standard precautions quizlet?

Standard Precautions. are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmissions of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, or intact skin (including rashes) mucous membranes. 5-6 Different pieces of PPE. (Personal Protective Equipment)

How do you prevent cross infection?

Five Things You Can Do To Prevent InfectionClean Your Hands. Use soap and warm water. … Make sure health care providers clean their hands or wear gloves. … Cover your mouth and nose. … If you are sick, avoid close contact with others. … Get shots to avoid disease and fight the spread of infection.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What PPE is used for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.

When did universal precautions begin?

Universal precautions were introduced by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1985, mostly in response to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic.

What are the five universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

Which statement is the best definition of universal precautions?

Universal precautions refers to the practice, in medicine, of avoiding contact with patients’ bodily fluids, by means of the wearing of nonporous articles such as medical gloves, goggles, and face shields.