What Are The Five Major Classes Of Antibiotics?

What is the strongest antibiotic for bacterial infection?

Drugs used to treat Bacterial InfectionDrug nameRatingRx/OTClevofloxacin4.4RxGeneric name: levofloxacin systemic Brand name: Levaquin Drug class: quinolones For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing InformationAmoxil10Rx73 more rows.

What to avoid while on antibiotics?

Foods that must be avoided while on antibiotic treatment include grapefruit, foods rich in calcium, and alcohol. Grapefruit contains compounds known as furanocoumarins, which interfere with how the liver and intestines break down the medicine and filter out toxins.

What can I take instead of antibiotics?

Seven best natural antibioticsGarlic. Cultures across the world have long recognized garlic for its preventive and curative powers. … Honey. Since the time of Aristotle, honey has been used as an ointment that helps wounds to heal and prevents or draws out infection. … Ginger. … Echinacea. … Goldenseal. … Clove. … Oregano.

What does antibiotic stand for?

Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria. They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing. The word antibiotic means “against life.” Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.

What is broad spectrum antibiotics?

The term “broad spectrum antibiotics” was originally used to designate antibiotics that were effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, in contrast to penicillin, which is effective chiefly against gram-positive organisms, and streptomycin, which is active primarily against gram-negative bacteria.

What are the 7 main classes of antibiotics?

7 Types of AntibioticsPenicillins such as penicillin and amoxicillin.Cephalosporins such as cephalexin (Keflex)Macrolides such as erythromycin (E-Mycin), clarithromycin (Biaxin), and azithromycin (Zithromax)Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofolxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), and ofloxacin (Floxin)More items…

What are the classification of antibiotics?

Antibiotics can be divided into two classes based on their mechanism of action. Bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria; bacteriostatic antibiotics inhibit their growth or reproduction. One way that bactericidal antibodies kill bacteria is by inhibiting cell wall synthesis.

What are the most common antibiotics?

While there are over 100 types of antibiotics, there are 10 antibiotics that are most commonly used:Amoxicillin.Azithromycin.Amoxicillin/Clavulanate.Clindamycin.Cephalexin.Ciprofloxacin.Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim.Metronidazole.More items…•

What is the safest antibiotic?

Penicillins are the oldest of the antibiotics and are generally safe (but they can cause side effects such as diarrhea, skin rash, fever and more). FQs are the newest group of antibiotics.

How do antibiotics kill bacteria?

Antibiotics fight bacterial infections either by killing bacteria or slowing and suspending its growth. They do this by: attacking the wall or coating surrounding bacteria. interfering with bacteria reproduction.

How do I choose antibiotics?

When choosing an antibiotic, your doctor first considers the type of bacteria involved. … Antibiotics work by eliminating the majority of bacteria while allowing the immune system to take care of the rest. … Generally speaking, you do not need an antibiotic every time you have an infection or might have an infection.More items…•

What is the strongest antibiotic on the market?

The world’s last line of defense against disease-causing bacteria just got a new warrior: vancomycin 3.0. Its predecessor—vancomycin 1.0—has been used since 1958 to combat dangerous infections like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

What kills a bacterial infection?

Antibiotics do kill specific bacteria. Some viruses cause symptoms that resemble bacterial infections, and some bacteria can cause symptoms that resemble viral infections.