What Are The Complication Of Meningitis?

What is the most serious complication of meningitis?

What are the serious complications of bacterial meningitis?Hearing loss.Cortical blindness.Other cranial nerve dysfunction.Paralysis.Muscular hypertonia.Ataxia.Multiple seizures.Mental motor retardation.More items…•.

How can you tell meningitis types?

Meningitis is usually caused by viruses or bacteria. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, followed by bacterial meningitis. Rarer types of meningitis include chemical and fungal meningitis. The most common types of bacterial meningitis are meningococcal, pneumococcal, TB, group B streptococcal and E.

What can cause meningitis?

Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling. However, injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis.

Can you survive meningitis without treatment?

In most cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Most people who get mild viral meningitis usually recover completely in 7 to 10 days without treatment. Antiviral medicine may help people with meningitis caused by viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza.

Does meningitis stay with you forever?

Viral meningitis can make you very sick, but it often doesn’t leave lingering effects. Bacterial meningitis is more serious. It progresses rapidly and can cause permanent damage or even become life-threatening. Quick diagnosis and treatment can help prevent some of the potential long-term side effects.

Does meningitis weaken your immune system?

Without that receptor, the body would struggle to detect and fight other infections later on. These studies show that meningitis can permanently affect the body’s immune system. We now know that even beyond immediate life-threatening problems, meningitis can cause other issues down the road.

How long can Meningitis last?

How long does meningitis last? Viral meningitis lasts about seven to 10 days with symptoms receding gradually. Bacterial meningitis is usually cured by antibiotics. The time to cure varies with each individual and corresponds with the decrease of symptoms.

How fast does meningitis kill?

Meningitis – Can kill within 4 hours and can affect anyone!

What are the long term side effects of meningitis?

Hence, bacterial meningitis is associated with learning and memory deficits, cognitive deficiencies and sensorimotor impairments including hearing and visual loss, and motor dysfunction [9]–[11]. Up to a third of all survivors suffer transient or permanent deafness or other neurological sequelae [12].

What are the prognosis and potential long term complications of meningitis?

If left untreated, the infection can cause brain damage or even death. Antibiotics can usually eliminate the bacteria. Still, about 10 to 15 percent of cases result in death even when antibiotics are used. Among people who recover, 11 to 19 percent will experience long-term complications.

Can you fully recover from bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be deadly. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. However, permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities) can result from the infection.

Can you have meningitis for years?

Bacterial meningitis may be subacute rather than acute. Chronic meningitis develops slowly, over weeks or longer, and may last for months to years. Rarely, chronic meningitis causes only mild symptoms and resolves on its own.

What is the difference between viral and bacterial meningitis?

Viral meningitis is an infection caused by viruses and bacterial meningitis is an infection caused by bacteria. What is the difference between viral and bacterial meningitis? Viral meningitis is usually less serious and goes away without treatment.

How are patients physically affected by bacterial meningitis?

The most common symptoms of bacterial meningitis are: Painful, stiff neck with limited range of motion. Headaches. High fever.

How long does it take to recover from bacterial meningitis?

Treatment at home This type of meningitis will normally get better on its own without causing any serious problems. Most people feel better within 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, it can help to: get plenty of rest.

What is the most common cause of meningitis?

Several strains of bacteria can cause acute bacterial meningitis, most commonly: Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). This bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, young children and adults in the United States. It more commonly causes pneumonia or ear or sinus infections.

Can meningitis change your personality?

Babies and young children are particularly at risk of developing learning and behavioural changes as a result of meningitis. These are often short-term however long term problems, such as aggression and personality changes, are often associated with ABI.

Can meningitis be prevented?

The best way to prevent bacterial meningitis is through vaccination. Vaccines prepare the immune system by exposing the body to a germ so that it is better able to fight an infection when it occurs. Vaccines contain either parts of a germ, live but weakened germs, or inactivated (dead) germs.

What are the 5 types of meningitis?

There are actually five types of meningitis — bacterial, viral, parasitic, fungal, and non-infectious — each classified by the cause of the disease.

What are the 3 types of meningitis?

Types of meningitisViral meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. … Bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is contagious and caused by infection from certain bacteria. … Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. … Parasitic meningitis. … Non-infectious meningitis.

How do people get bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis occurs when these bacteria get in your bloodstream and travel to your brain and spinal cord to start an infection. Most bacteria that cause this form of infection are spread through close personal contact, such as: coughing. sneezing.