Quick Answer: What WBC Count Indicates Leukemia?

Why is my WBC high?

A high white blood cell count usually indicates: An increased production of white blood cells to fight an infection.

A reaction to a drug that increases white blood cell production.

A disease of bone marrow, causing abnormally high production of white blood cells..

Is a high white blood cell count a sign of cancer?

A high white blood cell count may indicate that the immune system is working to destroy an infection. It may also be a sign of physical or emotional stress. People with particular blood cancers may also have high white blood cells counts.

What lab values indicate leukemia?

Your doctor will conduct a complete blood count (CBC) to determine if you have leukemia. This test may reveal if you have leukemic cells. Abnormal levels of white blood cells and abnormally low red blood cell or platelet counts can also indicate leukemia.

What is a dangerous white blood cell count?

The exact threshold for a high white blood cell count varies from one laboratory to another. In general, for adults a count of more than 11,000 white blood cells (leukocytes) in a microliter of blood is considered a high white blood cell count.

What do Leukemia spots look like?

During the progression of leukemia, white blood cells (neoplastic leukocytes) found in bone marrow may begin to filter into the layers of the skin, resulting in lesions. “It looks like red-brown to purple firm bumps or nodules and represents the leukemia cells depositing in the skin,” Forrestel says.

Is 20000 white blood cell count high?

Normal white blood cell (WBC) count For men, a normal white blood cell count is anywhere between 5,000 and 10,000 white blood cells per μl of blood. For women, it is a reading of between 4,500 and 11,000 per μl, and for children between 5,000 and 10,000.

Should I worry if my white blood count is low?

A truly low white blood cell count also puts you at higher risk for infections — typically bacterial infections. But viral infections also may be a concern. To help reduce your infection risk, your doctor may suggest you wear a face mask and avoid anyone with a cold or other illness.

What is the lymphocyte count in leukemia?

The diagnosis of CLL is dependent on finding on a complete blood count (CBC) an absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) of more than 5,000 or 5,000/microL [5 x 109/L] lymphocytes, specifically more than 5000 clonal B-lymphocytes, present for at least three months.

What is a concerning white blood cell count?

The specific number for high (above normal) white blood cell count varies from one lab testing facility to another, but a general rule of thumb is that a count of more than 10,500 leukocytes in a microliter of blood in adults is generally considered to be high, while 4,500-10,500 is considered within the normal range.

What is the treatment for high WBC count?

Hydroxyurea (Hydrea®) is sometimes given to lower very high WBC counts rapidly until a CML diagnosis is confirmed through blood and bone marrow tests. Hydroxyurea is taken as a capsule by mouth. Lowering those very high WBC counts can help reduce the size of the spleen.

Is petechiae the first sign of leukemia?

One symptom that people with leukemia might notice is tiny red spots on their skin. These pinpoints of blood are called petechiae. The red spots are caused by tiny broken blood vessels, called capillaries, under the skin.

Does a CBC show blasts?

A CBC test can find leukemic blood cells, which are called blasts. It can also detect changes in the amount of any type of blood cell. Finding any one of these changes in the blood can suggest the presence of leukemia.

What does CBC look like with leukemia?

CBC is the most useful initial laboratory test in patients suspected of having leukemia. Most patients will show some abnormality in the CBC and some blasts will be seen in the peripheral smear in patients with acute leukemias. To diagnose CLL, a lymphocytosis of greater than 5000/mm3 must be present.

Is Leukemia high or low WBC?

White blood cell count (WBC) A low WBC count may be due to chemotherapy, a viral infection, a toxic reaction, or a process in the bone marrow that limits the body’s ability to make normal WBCs. A high WBC count may result from an infection or leukemia.

How long can you live with leukemia without knowing?

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): In general, the disease goes into remission in nearly all children who have it. More than four out of five children live at least 5 years. The prognosis for adults is not as good. Only 25 to 35 percent of adults live 5 years or longer.

What is the most common reason for low white blood cell count?

A low white blood cell count usually is caused by: Viral infections that temporarily disrupt the work of bone marrow. Certain disorders present at birth (congenital) that involve diminished bone marrow function. Cancer or other diseases that damage bone marrow.

What diseases cause high white blood cell count?

The following conditions can cause white blood cell counts to be high:Viral or bacterial infection.Inflammation.Excessive physical or emotional stress (such as fever, injury, or surgery)Burns.Immune system disorders such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.Thyroid problems.More items…•