Question: What Is The Function Of The Mitochondria Within A Cell?

What is the function of the mitochondria in a muscle cell?

To meet this energy demand, muscle cells contain mitochondria.

These organelles, commonly referred to as the cell’s “power plants,” convert nutrients into the molecule ATP, which stores energy..

What is the function of the folds within the mitochondria?

The fluid contained in the mitochondria is called the matrix. The folding of the inner membrane increases the surface area inside the organelle. Since many of the chemical reactions happen on the inner membrane, the increased surface area creates more space for reactions to occur.

What cells in the human body have the most mitochondria?

It is generally believed that the cells that have the most mitochondria in them are the muscle cells. The mitochondria are the energy-producing…

Can you repair damaged mitochondria?

It has been determined that to counteract damage, mitochondria possess well-defined repair pathways quite similar to those of the nucleus, among which are: base excision repair (BER), mismatch repair (MMR), single-strand break repair (SSBR), microhomology-mediated end joining (MMEJ), and probably homology recombination …

What is the life expectancy for mitochondrial disease?

A small study in children with mitochondrial disease examined the patient records of 221 children with mitochondrial disease. Of these, 14% died three to nine years after diagnosis. Five patients lived less than three years, and three patients lived longer than nine years.

How does mitochondria affect the cell?

Mitochondria are the “energy factory” of our body. Several thousand mitochondria are in nearly every cell in the body. Their job is to process oxygen and convert substances from the foods we eat into energy. Mitochondria produce 90% of the energy our body needs to function.

Why do muscles have lots of mitochondria?

Your fat cells have many mitochondria because they store a lot of energy. Muscle cells have many mitochondria, which allows them to respond quickly to the need for doing work.

Why do sperm cells have lots of mitochondria?

There is a region that contains enzymes to help the sperm cell penetrate the surface of the egg. … The sperm’s midpiece contains many mitochondria so that a supply of energy is available for the sperm to perform its function of traveling to and later fertilizing the egg.

What type of muscle cell has the most mitochondria?

So to answer your question more specifically, slow oxidative muscles (e.g. postural muscles) generally have more mitochondria that are distributed differently within the cell than fast glycolytic muscle.

Why your leg muscles contain more mitochondria than your eye muscles?

Explanation: Muscle cells need energy to do mechanical work and respond quickly. Thus a higher number of mitochondria is present so that the cells requirement of energy to perform its specific function is fulfilled.

How is a person’s life is affected by mitochondrial disease?

The parts of the body that tend to be most affected are those that need the most energy, such as the heart, brain, muscles and gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms can range from fatigue and exercise intolerance to hearing loss, seizures, strokes, heart failure, diabetes and kidney failure.